Heritage, policies of memory and the institucionalization of culture
Eduardo Kingman, FLACSO (Ecuador)
In this paper there is discussion of the ways that the policies of conservation and rehabilitation of historic areas are defined in Latin-American cities and particularly in Quito. At the same time, a comparison is made between these specific cases with what has happened in European cities such as Barcelona. According to the text, discussion on Heritage policies has increasingly been converted into a subject for ´experts´ concerned with applying models; while most of the social actors affected by such policies have been excluded from the discussions (in the paper the case of the Guild of Construction Workers in Quito is taken up). The second stage of the paper shows the relationship between Heritage, the society of the spectacle and the globalization of culture. In the context of a growing process of hybridization, Heritage policies contribute to reinventing the mechanisms for the distinction and separation between High culture and folklore, as well as for essaying new forms of cultural extirpation.