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 City & Time > Vol. 4, No. 1 (2008) open journal systems 


International Conventions, organized civil society and protection for World Heritage Cities: The case of the Olinda Society for the Defense of the Historical Center of Olinda

Vera Milet, Consultive Council of the Olinda Society for the Defense of the High Town
Virgínia Pontual, UFPE and Centro de Estudos Avançado da Conservation Integrada ? CECI
Juliana Barreto, Centro de Estudos Avançados da Conservation Integrada ? CECI


Abstract
Abstract The objective of this article is to show the management and conservation process of World Heritage cities, and so to verify the relationships existing among the concepts and guidelines set out in the Heritage Charters, and the way that organized civil society has acted in the defense of heritage values and in local identity and public heritage policies. The article is founded on the history to date of the preservation of the Historical Center of Olinda, taking as the focus of its approach the experience undergone by the residents of this historical center, organized through an association, the ?Sociedade Olindense de Defesa da Cidade Alta ? SODECA?. (?Olinda Society for the Defense of the High Town ? SODECA in Portuguese). SODECA?s activities have been especially marked by seeking to maintain the quality of life of the inhabitants, the identity of the place and the historical and landscape values of Olinda, while being sequentially confronted with the preservation track record of municipal management. It is relevant to stress that overseeing SODECA?s activities helps the monitoring of the results achieved by means of using the international documents for the conservation of the site. The article was drawn up according to a historical and analytical methodology which reports the content of the Heritage Charters, and the context of national and municipal heritage policy, by punctuating and underlining SODECA?s activities. The historical area was defined from 1984, the year this association was founded, to 1992, when new municipal legislation was instituted through a process shared with these residents.


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City & Time  ISSN: 1807-7544